Botanicals For Medicinal Purpose In India And In China

Introduction To Herbalism
HerbaLism also known as botanical medicine is a term used to describe medicinal practices that are based on use of plant extracts and plants. From ancient world, an attempt has been made to use plants and its extracts to relive physical suffering and cure some diseases. In around 5000 B.C, many herbals were in use in China. Many of the Assyrians, Babylonians and ancient Hebrews had some knowledge on medicinal plants. To a great extent, the field of medicine has been guided by the beliefs and observations made during the ancient time. Sometimes herbal medicine is extended to include bee products, certain animal parts, fungal as well as minerals. In a research that was conducted in the year 2001, researchers established about 122 compounds used in normal medicines derived from plant sources (ethno medical) of which 97 of these compounds trace their uses back in the ancient time.

Herbalism 101 Class 1

Quinine Use By Humans

Being the only adequate cure for malaria, quinine has been of great importance to humankind. Other available synthetic products are known to complement quinine and never as its substitutes. Quinine is acquired from the back of some various species of the genus Cinchona, found in South America.C. officinalis, C. succcciruba, Chinchona calisaya and C. ledgerian are the main species that are used. According to tradition, cinchona bark was first used in the year 1638 by Europeans to cure the wife of the Viceroy of Peru who was suffering from malaria after all other remedies had failed (Hill 1952). Even though the accuracy of this story is of doubt, it is evident that ancient people had some know how on the use of Peruvian bark or Jesuit’s bark. Due to the familiarity with the use of bark, Jesuit carried them whenever they traveled the world leading to a great demand of these barks. Other promising sources have been discovered one of them being Cinchona pitayensis, which is seen to produce very high yield. Among the constituents of cinchona bark, quinine is considered to be of the greatest value.

Medicinal Uses For Garlic
Garlic, whose scientific name is Allium sativum, has been used for centuries as a herb and for medicinal purpose too. Allium is derived from the Celtic word, which means smarting or burning. In the ancient Egypt, Allium sativum was used as a medium of exchange. Garlic is believed to act as a medicine to both human and animals. For example, it is used to manage some disorders like clotting in horses, as well as treating leprosy in human beings. The herb was also prescribed by experts to treat deafness during the Middle Ages. For centuries, the antibacterial and antiseptic properties of Allium sativum have been known. During the ancient time, European continents used garlic as a protection against plagues.

Improve Memory With Maidenhair Tree
This tree is believed to be the oldest tree species having existed for more than 2000 million years. Preparations from its leaves are used to treat Alzheimer’s diseases and improve memory by enhancing blood flow to the brain. For at least 3000 years, Chinese have been using it to treat cerebral disorders and asthma.

Uses For Nutmeg (Myristica Fragrans)
This evergreen tree is also recognized as mace, myristica oil, magic or muscdier. Nutmeg has been widely used to spice food for their psychoactive properties and as a folk and cooking medicine. Nutmeg has been used as a stimulant for menses and as an abortifacient.

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